Category Archives: Art

Spray Painting Equipment and Booths

Spray painting is a technique in which a spraying device is used to coat a surface like furniture, walls, automobiles, etc., with paint through air. Read on to know more about spray painting, its equipment, and booths.

Spray painting is a process in which a device (i.e., a paint sprayer) sprays a coating of paint through the air onto the surface which is to be painted.

There are different types of paint sprayers which are used for spray painting. These are also referred to as spray guns and spray applicators.

While using paint spraying equipment, it is essential that the person wears gloves, goggles and preferably a face mask too, to avoid inhaling the resultant fumes.

How do Paint Sprayers Work?

Paint sprayers or spray guns use a process called ‘Atomization’ to spray the paint onto different surfaces. The spray gun directs the paint onto the surface which is to be painted. This paint is formed using a rotary atomizer or an ultrasonic atomizer or by forcing the paint through spray paint nozzles using pressure.

The basic paint spray equipment include a spray painting gun, a pressurized container of paint, a system of compressed air and flexible tubes which connect all of them to each other. The container of paint is pressurized and the paint flows from that container to the spray gun via the tubes. The pressure in the container of the paint is responsible for this movement. Atomized air is supplied to the tip of the spray painting gun. This air breaks up the paint into small particles and pushes it out of the gun to the surface that is being painted.

Types of Spray Paint

There are a variety of spray paint types available in the market. Some of the commonly used types are listed below:

Canned or Aerosol Spray Paint: This is the most common type of spray paint which is easily available in the market. This consists of a metal aerosol that is highly pressurized and contains the paint. The paint gets atomized and is pushed out of a valve that is operated by depressing it with a finger. The most commonly found use of this kind of equipment is seen in the painting of graffiti on walls.

Airbrush Spray Paint: In this kind of a spray gun, the compressed air is combined with the paint which is then directed towards the area or surface being painted.

High Volume Low Pressure Paint Spray Equipment: This is similar to the airbrush equipment, but in this case the pressure on the paint is comparatively low. Thus, the spray gun needs lesser pressure, that results in higher volumes of paint being applied to the surface. The advantage of this is that less amount of paint gets sprayed in the air around the surface being painted.

Low Volume Low Pressure Paint Spray Equipment: This is again a bid to improve on the previous type of paint spray equipment. The spray gun needs less pressure and also delivers less volumes of paint on the surface being painted. Thus, there is a double advantage of less paint volumes used and less paint being sprayed into the surrounding atmosphere.

Tutorial on Learning the Art of Calligraphy

Calligraphy refers to an ancient design of writing. The word is derived from a Greek phrase that means beautiful handwriting and is also known as a kind of visual art. Though it is a very old form, it is still being practiced all over the world. Since it has been developed in many countries, a variety of styles are available today. These include Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Roman, English, and many more.

You need not be an artist or extremely creative to learn the art of fancy lettering. It is quite simple and can be mastered with consistent practice. The basics can learned on your own by following some simple instructions. Before you can start learning, you should select a particular style from the ones mentioned earlier. The Roman pattern is easy and would be ideal to start with. Also, you should know about the tools, lettering, alphabets and fonts used for this penmanship.

Required Tools

The tools consist of special pens, nibs, ink, and unique paper essential for scripting (or lined parchment paper). Pens can be either felt pens, fountain pens, or quill pens. You will also need a ruler and powdered ink. If you are not sure about the type of pen you would want to use, you can purchase a set for beginners.

Before Beginning
Select the necessary tools, and keep them handy.
Seat yourself in a comfortable position, on a firm and wide table, preferably with a tilted desktop.
Choose the style that you would want to learn, and place it on the table on your right side. You can use a book that shows the basic strokes.
Hold the brush or pen at an angle of 35°. Dip it in the ink if you are using a quill pen, and start practicing the basic strokes.
You can start with the lower-case alphabets, and if you find it difficult in getting it right, try practicing by tracing the alphabets.
You will need to practice the letters over and over again to gain mastery.
Tips on Learning
When you seat yourself to practice, make sure that there are no shadows on the paper, as they can interfere with the detailing of the strokes.
Start from practicing basics, and perfect writing the letters before proceeding towards intricate formations, techniques, and designs.
Stick to learning one style at a time, and practice on a daily basis for mastering it.
When you want to lift the pen off the paper, do not do it in a sudden jerk. Hold the pen at the position for a second or two, allow the ink to get saturated at the point, and then lift the pen.
You will need to pay attention to the spacing between the strokes and the width and weight of your strokes. Do not use ink excessively.
Aim at consistent practice and achieving the perfect spacing, perfect strokes, and perfect lettering.

Butterfly Wall Decoration for a Vibrant Room

Nature and garden themes have always been one of the most popular choices for home décor. Whether it is flowers, birds, mountains, grass or birds and bees, make them a part of your interiors, and see how they transform the atmosphere in your house. Speaking of nature themes, these days, wall art décors, which have butterflies on them, have become increasingly popular. Butterflies, with their numerous colors and patterns, add an unmatchable appeal and a splash of color to the home interiors. Whether it is the living room, bedroom or your kid’s room, butterfly wall décor can enliven any space in your house.

Creative Ways to Use Butterfly Wall Decoration

For a Kid’s Room…
If you are planning to have butterfly wall décor for your kid’s room, a good idea is to go in for butterfly wall decals. Wall decals are very easy to use as all you need to do is to peel and then paste them on the wall. There are a number of innovative ways for making butterfly wall decoration for your kid’s room. For instance, you can paste a big butterfly wall decal, which almost covers one whole wall of your kid’s room. On this wall decal, you can paste colorful photographs of your family. On one of the butterfly wings, you can leave room for your kid’s “artwork” and change it every week. If you want to keep things simple, write your kid’s name on top of the butterfly wall decal and some cute quotes concerning childhood or “growing up” beneath it. Or alternately, you can create a “garden scene”, where you have various wall decals, such as a sun, a river, a small house, flowers, etc., and in the midst of these, a bunch of colorful butterflies!

For a Living Room…
It is said that a person’s house reflects the kind of tastes and personality he has. So, if you are a nature-lover and you want to present this facet of yourself through your home interiors, butterfly wall art décor is perfect for you. These days, butterfly wall art made from metal is highly in vogue. You simply have to hang it on the wall, just like any other wall art. Or alternately, if you are someone who wants to add a bit of drama to your living room, go in for metallic butterfly wall art that can be hung from the ceiling. If you search carefully, you will find that there are numerous designs in metallic butterfly wall art décor. Choose the one which matches the décor of your living room.

Tips to Enjoy Finger Painting

Playing with colors is always an activity enjoyed by children. Toddles do not have control over the paint brushes and often end up putting their tiny fingers in the paint bottles. Finger painting for toddlers is a great art activity to introduce your child to the art of painting. It can help in bringing out the creative skills of your child and will also help you spend some quality time together.

Toddlers enjoy getting messy with paint all over them. They love to watch the different designs that develop on the paper. Basically, it is one of the fun-filled, kid-friendly activities enjoyed by kids of all ages. You just need to help them get their creativity on paper.
Getting Started
The task will eventually turn messy, but with a little preparation, it can be a wonderful experience for the toddlers as well as their parents. The following tips will help you and your toddler have a joyous experience with this activity.
Setting Up the Area
In a nice weather, you could plan this activity in the garden area. Your kids are surely going to love painting outside! Another benefit is the easy clean up without having to worry about where the paint goes. Clean the area where you want to take this activity, spread some pieces of newspaper, place a variety of water colors on a palette or washable tray, and your activity area is all set!
Dress Code
Have your child wear old clothing. Put a paint smock or a large plastic bib on your toddler. These are easily available or can even be made at home. Make sure he/she is wearing old clothes so that you do not have to worry if they get dirty!

Encourage their Creativity
Old toothbrushes or empty paper towel holders can make a great addition to your kid’s art experience! You may need to guide their hands to get them started! Supervise them while they paint and make sure they do not put paint in their mouth or eyes. And last but not the least, watch your toddler paint beautiful masterpieces on the paper.
Painting Inspiration
Dollar Sign Finger Painting
Colorful Finger Painting
House Finger Painting
Painted Palms Finger Painting
Red-green Finger Painting
House Palms Finger Painting

Edible Homemade Paint Recipes
Toddlers have a tendency to put things in their mouth and they might end up eating the finger paint. What you could do to prevent this, is use edible finger paints. Here are some recipes for edible paints for the next time you’re conducting the activity.

Pudding Paint
In a muffin tray, pour the pudding-mix half way up.
In a bowl, mix up the pudding as per the instructions provided.
Add different food color in each cavity of the muffin tray and mix well before beginning.
Corn Syrup Paint
Add a few drops of food coloring in each bowl.
In small bowls, pour couple of spoonful of corn syrup.
Mix the colors properly and start the activity.

Hone Your Drawing Skills

Even if you aren’t planning a career as a sketch artist, passable drawing skills are a nice thing to have. It’s free entertainment, and you might even create something beautiful while you’re at it. But be warned – drawing is a ‘use it or lose it’ skill. Perhaps you were a pretty decent artist at one time, but you haven’t picked up a pencil in years – it doesn’t take long for a pencil to feel foreign in your hand.
These simple exercises will help you get back into the swing of things. All you need is a pencil and a stack of paper…and patience! Don’t expect to pick it up right away. But if you can dedicate about 20 minutes every day to getting the feel for it, you’ll be on your way to portraiture in no time.
Lines
Drawing Lines
To be honest, hard lines don’t figure into pencil drawing much at all unless you’re drawing animation-style. But they’re the most basic thing to drill when you’re first dipping into the page, and they teach you a fair amount about pressure, control, and how to direct your eyes.

Draw two points anywhere on the page, then connect them with a straight line. Don’t use any guides, just draw freehand. It takes a surprising amount of practice just to connect two simple dots with a straight, even line. Practice this until your line looks like it was drawn with a ruler, then attempt a few freehand. Draw them from left to right, right to left, toward you and away from you. Experiment with different pencil positions and observe the effect it has on the line.

Basic Shapes
Drawing Basic Shapes
Now that you have lines down pat, try connecting them to form basic geometric shapes. Draw three dots and connect them to form a triangle. Draw four dots and make a square or rectangle. Try drawing the shapes without the dots, then try drawing an equilateral triangle, a perfect square, and an octagon.

These shapes are good spatial practice as you’re training your eye to accurately measure angles and distance – this will come in handy when you try to draw subjects from observation. You won’t necessarily be using these shapes, but your trained eye will be more able to translate what you see into marks on the page.
Curves
Drawing Circle
Start drawing circles over and over again. Don’t even lift your pencil from the page. Just draw the same circle in the same spot over and over again until your paper starts to tear through. Then move over a bit and do it again. You’ll notice that as you go over the circle, it becomes more perfect – the darkest line is the average of all the circles you’ve drawn. If you notice that even the dark line is droopy or bulging somewhere, it tells you that something’s throwing you off in that area. Try keeping your wrist still and drawing from the shoulder. Keep drawing circles until they look like you used a compass.

Landscape Painting Techniques

Landscape painting is probably the most versatile form of art, where every element of nature can be portrayed with perfection. It’s the best way to represent nature and one’s perception about nature. While nature is symbolic of God’s creation of something pure and eternal, it can simultaneously form a medium for depicting the darker side of human intervention with nature. Landscapes are basically painted with crayons, oil paints, watercolors and acrylic paints. Thus, you can utilize your skills in the best possible way when you are well acquainted with these painting techniques. We shall explain to you the different styles of landscapes paintings, keeping these basic techniques as the main subjects.
Starting With Oil Pastels
Kids usually find handling crayons easy for painting landscapes. Also known as oil pastels, they can be used for creating a perfectly smooth landscape painting. Beginners can sketch the elements of nature with a pencil and then fill colors with crayon sticks. Rivers, land and the sky are shaded smoothly while trees, rocks and mountains could be painted in random fashion. Apply light colors as the base coat and then try the blending technique to bring out differential effects. Landscapes painted with oil pastels must have a uniform look and to achieve perfection you have to use the crayons in a sliding motion. Extra objects, like boats, humans, birds, etc., are emphasized with darker shades that must complement the overall drawing. Once you get well acquainted with the basics, you can utilize other tools like kneaded erasers, brushes, cotton swabs and tortillons to make the painting more creative and natural.
Shifting to Water Colors
Originality is one of the most important attributes of a landscape painting. You can apply the colors directly with a painting brush and sketching the outlines with a pencil is not required. Form an image of the picture that you are going to draw, and give it an accurate form with your painting skills. Mix the color with water to get the desired consistency. Use a flat brush for incorporating colors into natural bodies. Colors get blended when water is added in appropriate proportion. And this needs practice. For example, if you have imagined a storm with dark gray clouds hanging on the sky and trees drooping low under the power of wind, then this picture should be painted with shades of gray, white and black. Clouds should merge well with the sky and the effect of the storm is best depicted by some devastated elements. On the other hand, you can use a wide range of colorful shades for demonstrating the freshness of nature. Thus, watercolors are a great medium to make a landscape painting look perfectly natural.

Techniques to Improve Your Airbrushing

Airbrushing can be used to paint a lot of items like toys, cars, trucks, walls, clothing and much more. It is important to know which paint will be appropriate for a specific surface. Water colors, gouache, acrylics, oil paints, and sign paints are some of the paints usually used for airbrushing.

What is an Airbrush

In simple words, an airbrush is a tool designed to spray color in different patterns that ranges from a thin line to a wide belt, or a thin layer of paint to a thick coat. There are basically two types of airbrushes, namely the internal mix and external mix. In an external mix airbrush, air and paint are mixed outside the body of airbrush, while in internal mix airbrush, air and paint are internally mixed. These two types are further divided as single and double action airbrushes. Single action airbrushes are those where the airflow can be controlled by the user with the help of a trigger, while in double action airbrushes the user can control both air and paint flow. So, the types of airbrushes can be listed as below:
Single Action Internal Airbrush
Double Action Internal Airbrush
Single Action External Airbrush
Double Action External Airbrush
Airbrushing Techniques

Airbrushing is a skill that takes time to develop and improves with practice. If handled properly airbrushing can give realistic effects. Following are the basic steps of airbrushing for beginners:

Get Familiar with the Airbrush
One should be careful while selecting an airbrush. Research thoroughly, consult experts and only then buy the airbrush that will satisfy your needs. Then, after getting the airbrush of your choice, get familiar with its components. Many of the manufacturers provide a diagram that labels all the parts of the airbrush. Understand each part, its functioning, and how each part fits into the whole assembly. For beginners, a single action external mix brush is always a good option.

Air Compressor
This is the most important component that will supply the required amount of air for airbrushing. The type of the compressor depends on the place where you will be doing airbrushing, because compressors can be noisy. For example, if you are living in an apartment, you will need a silent compressor.

Paint
Type of paint always depends on the pattern you want to paint and the painting surface. For beginners it is always safe to use water based paints. Choose the paint according to the surface on which you are going to paint.

Practice
Before you actually start painting on the surface, practice on some wooden or plastic surface. Distance of the airbrush from the surface and the angle are important factors while spray painting. Cover the walls and floors to avoid overspilling. Use drop cloth or plastic sheets for the same.

How to Spray Paint Art Correctly

Most people commonly confuse graffiti with spray paint art. While it is true that the basics of both are the same, there is a stark difference between the two. Graffiti is more random and does not involve much thought regarding the artwork, design, or colors. Spray paint artists, on the other hand, pay more attention to all these aspects, and try creating meaningful pieces of art. They also utilize various other tools like brushes, sponges, and stencils to incorporate many shapes into their painting.

A Step-by-step Guide for Beginners

Step 1
To begin with, you need a proper ventilated place to practice. You can choose the wall of your compound, a garage, or a driveway for this. Once you have finalized the location, gather all the materials you will need, lay out newspapers or an old cloth at the place, and take out anything you don’t wish to get the paint on.

Step 2
Take the wooden piece or poster board to the place, and tape it onto the wall on the edges, with the help of masking tape or painter’s tape. This will make it easier for you to remove the board or the piece of wood, once you are done with. Before you start working, wear all protective gear to prevent any paint from falling on your body parts. Gloves and face masks are a must, to protect your hands from the paint and also to prevent intake of any hazardous paint fumes.

Step 3
Since you are a beginner, use spray paint cans for your work. Apply pressure with the help of your fingers on the nozzle of the can to control the rate at which paint flows out from it. You can adjust as much as you want, and see the effect it has on the texture and shading of the paint. Apply a coat of paint on the poster board or wooden piece, and cover it with a glossy magazine page on top. When you take off the magazine page, you will have a different texture of paint at the particular spot. In the same manner, make different layers on the painting surface.

Step 4
To incorporate shapes in your art, use normal household materials. You can form circles using cups and glasses; squares and rectangles can be created using small boxes and so on. Try looking for varied shapes from various daily use items found in your house to create unique and innovative shapes. You can also make use of a stencil.

Step 5
For making straight lines, try using clay-modeling tools. This will also be useful in providing additional texture to your paint. Wood or metal scrapers are useful for making buildings in the painting. You can experiment with these tools by applying many layers of paint on them, and keep learning new ways to make your art more creative.

The Significance of Lascaux Cave Paintings

Lascaux cave paintings have made Vezere valley in France a UNESCO World Heritage Site, since 1979. It is famous for the surrealistic images of animals that research reveals lived 15,000 years ago. They were part of the discovery made on 12 September, 1940. The caves were chanced upon by four teenagers, and their dog. After World War II, the site was opened to the general public. However, the increasing number of visitors resulted in an unprecedented release of carbon dioxide and visible damage to the paintings.

In 1963, the caves were officially closed to the public, with the intent of restoration and preservation of the art. Today, the Lascaux paintings are monitored regularly and the sites have been segregated on the basis of exhibit into:
Great Hall of the Bulls
Lateral Passage
Shaft of the Dead Man
Chamber of Engravings
Painted Gallery
Chamber of Felines
Lascaux II exhibits replication of the artwork depicted in Great Hall of the Bulls and the Painted Gallery. Lascaux artwork can also be seen at Le Thot, Center of Prehistoric Art, France. Preservationists from the Archaeological Survey Department have been battling fungus and black mold since 2000. The climatic conditions within the caves are now monitored to preserve the exhibits.

Significance

Lascaux paintings are about 2,000 in all and while 600 of the animal figures can be identified, the rest are a trip back into prehistoric times. Geometric figures of equines, cattle, felines, birds, bears, rhinoceros, humans, and stags are dominant. The effect of the ‘bulls in motion’ give us an insight into the precision and dedication of the artists. The Paleolithic cave painters displayed unique perspective in the non-figurative images. The night sky depictions actually correlate with constellations. These ‘visions’ within paintings of humans and the sky also highlight the fact that the artists indulged in the ritual of trance-dancing.

These paintings are deduced as beyond ‘decorations’, since research reveals that they did not show any signs of prolonged habitation. This is indicative of the fact that the caves were used for preserving and transmitting information. Archaeological experts spotted realistic images superimposed for the ‘stampede’ effect. While the images appear linear, the sudden burst of colored and stylized detail speaks volumes for the versatility of brush and dynamic hand movement.
The primitive inhabitants immortalized their lifestyle, artwork, and crude tools via exquisite and exclusive renderings. Their hand at foreshortening, contrasting color schemes, and three-dimensional illusions brings many a modern painter to Lascaux each year. The paintings tell visitors a lot about the inhabitants of the era and the level of intellect through the fact that they used the cave walls to pass on vital information about animal and human life then.

Pastel Painting

A painting which uses a blend of powdered pigment and binder in the form of sticks, is known as pastel painting. The binder used to prepare pastels has a neutral color, whereas the pigments are same as the ones used in other coloring media. Pastels are easy to use in a sense that one doesn’t need to mix or blend them in a palette. They are just laid on paper without using water.

Pastels can be a good medium of painting, provided that you learn the proper techniques and modes of application. One can create many different effects and shades in watercolor painting even with oil pastels. The problem, however, with pastel colors is that the powder pigment once applied to the paper has to be protected from falling off (or else it may fall off like crumbs). The material used for oil pastels, in fact, lasts longer than watercolor; it is just about retaining the pastel color on the paper. It is generally done by protecting (not preserving) the pastel layers beneath glass.

Techniques

Variation in Pressure
The application of varying amounts of pressure with pastels helps in bringing out different effects. The technique is similar to pencil shading.

Creating Contours
The edges of pastel sticks are used to draw sharp lines. These lines are rubbed off to create contours. One can use pencil pastels instead of pastel sticks to make sharp lines. There is one more technique to create contours, i.e., to lay masking tapes on the paper leaving a gap to draw lines.

Scumbling
This technique is commonly used to create the effect of smoke, fog, etc. It is done in such a manner that the paper is colored with two colors in layers (one above the other). The upper layer is light in shade. The upper (light shaded) layer is created by using the side (flat) portion of pastels. Apart from atmospheric effects like fog, the scumbling effect can also be used to draw shadows.

Hatching
The technique of hatching can be simply described as the practice of laying down a series of lines. The purpose of using this technique is either highlighting, shading, or modeling. Cross-hatching is a variation of hatching, where the lines are laid close to each other except that they are at different angles. The benefit of using this technique is that the painting attains depth and it becomes rich in terms of colors.

Stippling
This technique is slightly different from hatching in the sense that dots are used instead of lines. The dots used for stippling could be of the same or different colors. A transition from one phase to other is depicted through the stippling technique. Stippling is similar to an impressionistic technique called pointillism.

Oil pastels are equally good for painting when compared to regular pastels. The oil pastel techniques provided below would prove helpful for the beginners.

Underpainting: It is the technique in which white papers are given a wash of oil pastel colors to remove white flecks. A rich color can be applied to the paper with this technique.

Blending: The blending technique is used for mixing different oil pastels on a palette. Creating smooth gradients is the objective here.